Bone Stem Cells
Using Bone Marrow Stem Cells is a promising regenerative method to help accelerate healing in moderate to severe osteoarthritis or tendon or muscle injuries. Similar to Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP), BMSC harnesses the body’s natural ability to heal itself by using regenerative cells found in a patient’s own bone marrow. Bone marrow is the soft tissue found in the hollow interior of bones. In adults, marrow contains a rich reservoir that produces new blood cells, including regenerative cells. These cells can be extracted from a patient’s hip and used for BMSC injection therapy.
The process of obtaining and preparing these powerful regenerative cells is relatively simple. The physician removes a small amount of the patient’s bone marrow under X-Ray guidance. Local anesthesia is used, providing minimal discomfort. The bone marrow is then placed in a centrifuge, which separates the regenerative cells and platelets from the rest of the blood products. The result is a concentrate that is 5-11 times richer in regenerative cells and growth factors. In the past, these types of cells were often very difficult and expensive to obtain from the body. With new techniques and technological improvements, regenerative cells can easily be obtained and concentrated in a simple office procedure. This point of care treatment allows for minimal manipulation of cells which are injected into the injured area on the same day.
Unlike other cells of the body, bone marrow regenerative cells are undifferentiated, which means they have the ability to replicate themselves into a variety of tissue types. Our body is in a constant state of repair and regeneration. Unfortunately, as we mature with time, the quantity of regenerative cells declines. For example, as in an infant, one in 10,000 cells is a regenerative cell versus one in 2,000,000 by the time we reach 70. This partly explains why our injuries often take longer to heal as we age.